OrgTech Review #17

Introducing OrgTech Network and OrgTech-Fr!

This is a longer issue because it has been a while since our last and August was a rather busy month for DAOs. Before we dive in, we're excited to introduce OrgTech-Fr, a hub for the French-speaking OrgTech community, with original content, curated news, local events, and more! As our first community hub, OrgTech-Fr is effectively helping to soft-launch OrgTech Network, an initiative Jack has been dreaming up since he started OrgTech Review. OrgTech Network is a networked organization that will provide products and services to accelerate the widespread adoption of OrgTech and DAOs. Our first product is, of course, OrgTech Review, but we have a lot more ideas cooking up, and we're on the lookout for like-minded OrgTech-savvy individuals to help make these a reality. If you'd like to get involved, drop us a line or fill in the form on the website. We hope this issue was worth the wait and we can't wait to engage more with you all!

This issue was brought to you by Jack Laing, Theo Beutel, and Phil Honigman.

Previously on OrgTech Review

Most clicked:What is a DAO?, Resolving the Stake-Based vs. Participant-Based Voting Dilemma, How to Create a Thriving Global Commons Economy.

Project News

Aragon

Colony

  • Glider, the first release of Colony, has been live since the beginning of the summer, and now the Dapp is being rolled out to select users. Get in touch with the team to request early access.

  • The Colony Dapp is now open source, under GPL v3. Clone it!

  • Podcast: Auryn Macmillan was on DAOcast on July 22nd to discuss the launch of Glider. The conversation also covers how Colony organizations might integrate with other DAOs running on different frameworks such as Aragon or DAOstack.

Commons Stack

DAOstack

Democracy Earth

ditCraft

GovBlocks

  • This is one we missed in our previous issues. GovBlocks launched on the Ethereum main-net alongside Nexus Mutual on May 24th 2019. They are taking a pragmatic approach to governance, with a focus on modularity and the perspective that it's okay to start with relatively centralized governance if you have a vision for becoming decentralized.

Jur

MetaCartel DAO

  • MetaCartel DAO Wave 1 Funding, including web app frontend for MetaCartel DAO that works without MetaMask using the Abridged SDK, research on supporting reputation through NFTs, as well as Orochi DAO, an event management-DAO by Kickback with an initial test event at DevCon5 in Osaka.

Moloch DAO

  • Moloch Pool launched, making it possible to donate to the DAO without becoming a voting member.

  • Introducing “OrochiDAO” and “The year of DAOs” event. A fork of Moloch designed to manage event sponsorships, starting with a DAO celebration at DevCon5.

  • Rise of the YangDAO. A fork of Moloch designed to coordinate supporters of Democratic presidential candidate Andrew Yang and enable them to collectively fund memes.

  • DAOHaus Bauhaus. The team behind the mobile-first Moloch frontend hacked together a dashboard that will make it easier to find and create Moloch DAOs. They aim to scale this project into a DAO social network that integrates with other DAO frameworks.

  • Check out other Moloch hackathon projects here, including a vote selling tool and a Nexus Mutual integration.

Nexus Mutual

  • As with the GovBlocks news above, we mistakenly overlooked this one in our previous issues. Nexus Mutual is an insurance platform that provides smart contract cover. They pioneered the notion of defining DAOs legally as membership corporations known as "digital cooperatives" (work we featured in our 12th issue). They are now live, linked to a legal entity in the UK, and the mutual pool is being actively governed by members. See more details on how it works here, check out their governance portal here, and listen to a podcast with their founder here.

Opolis

  • Opolis Off-White Paper – The Employment Commons. Opolis is a framework for self-sovereign workers that aims to resolve the legal challenges of DAOs, using "Decentralized Employment Organizations (DEOs)", aka employment cooperatives, which will be legally defined as Colorado-based Limited Cooperative Associations. The goal is that workers just need to join one DEO, through which they can participate in any DAO, because their DEO will receive all of their DAO work payments and take care of legal and tax compliance. Opolis is currently preparing a closed beta test and plans to launch its first public MVP in Q4 2019.

The DAO [2]

  • Ryan Zurrer, Director at Web3 Foundation, moves on to revive 'The DAO'. The former partner at Polychain Capital announced on Twitter that he will be gradually off-boarding from Web3 Foundation until the end of this year to explore the "dream of a sustainable decentralized organization". In the midst of what "feels like a DAO renaissance", Zurrer called it "the most compelling project" at this time. The daily activities of this Aragon-based DAO will be managed by "leagues": sub-DAOs (departments) who can coordinate using SourceCred-based reputation and will specialize in different functions of venture capital. For example, three of these leagues (Treasury, Venture, and Compliance) will own a multi-sig that has the sole authority to execute payments. DAO members, who can buy in and out of the DAO via a bonding curve, will have the power to approve any mandates proposed by leagues and to remove malicious leagues. Check out the whitepaper here.

  • Why Ryan Zurrer Would Like to See a New DAO - Unconfirmed Podcast. Laura Shin hosts Zurrer to discuss how today's tools can improve upon The DAO [1], how The DAO [1] could have helped temper the ICO craze, and how Zurrer thinks his approach relates to U.S. securities law.

The DAOfund

  • The DAOfund. Building upon the notion of fractal DAOs and the increased interest in for-profit investment DAO models, DAOfund follows a three-layer architecture, including a contributor DAO, a fund manager DAO, and one or more venture DAOs, and will eventually use bonding curves to enable automated market making.

UniDAO

  • UniDAO, an investment DAO with DeFi integrations. After successfully experimenting with Agent and Frame to interact with Uniswap and Compound, this Aragon-based DAO aims to scale up and leverage the full range of investment opportunities in the DeFi ecosystem. Draft whitepaper here.

Brain Food

  • 5 Trends Appear on the Gartner Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, 2019. When you hear of the word "DAO", do you still think of the 2016 hack? Time to take another look: according to the Gartner Hype Cycle, DAOs are among "the 29 emerging technologies CIOs should experiment with over the next year".

  • Cells As Firms. Simon de la Rouviere explores biomimetics applied to the theory of the firm, essentially by comparing firms to biological cells. The metaphor goes deep, from genetic material to metabolism to gene transfers. The metaphor may provide insights regarding strategic decisions, such as when to split or merge firms, or what should be in-house vs. what should be outsourced.

  • Incomplete Contracts (and Scaling Crypto). Jesse Walden of a16z distinguishes deterministic "complete" crypto projects from complex "incomplete" ones, which require dynamic and subjective judgements to withstand uncertain or adversarial conditions. While the crypto space is born out of deterministic machines (such as Bitcoin or Ethereum), most interesting projects today are incomplete. While incomplete projects can still leverage the complete machine layer to coordinate ownership and deterministic governance processes (e.g. triggering bounties or transferring funds), the key differentiator may be how well they build models for organizing effectively at scale.

  • Why Do Public Blockchains Need Formal and Effective Internal Governance Mechanisms?. This paper offers a critical examination of the ability of public blockchains to establish social coordination between strangers, de facto replacing or playing the role of a modern legal system. Drawing on Hart's concept of law, the authors argue that public blockchains lack essential elements of governance, and as a consequence they are doomed to suffer from constant forking, ossification, and instability.

  • Are DAOs beta-doomed?. Pepo references a tweetstorm by Andrew Certain, a 20-year Amazon veteran who emphasizes the unscalability of distributed systems in which communication is established between every agent ("beta" being the coefficient that models the negative return of additional agents). Pepo's tweet sparks a discussion about DAO scalability that touches on DAOstack's holographic consensus and mesh DAOs.

  • Becoming Decentralized Enough: The Case For DAOs. DeFi protocols will eventually arrive at a crossroad where they either delegate all control to a DAO or turn into centralized businesses that offer non-custodial financial services. The article analyses how DAOs can benefit from DeFi protocols, zooming in on Maker and Uniswap.

  • Values-based DAOs. Eric Arsenault raises the question of how to prevent the founding values of DAOs from being compromised over time. Possible solutions centre around preventing outside investors from accumulating influence that outweighs the voices of core members. The conversation continues on DAOtalk.

  • Towards Complex Governance Systems. Phoebe Tickell shares her views on DGOV, a community of practice created to further innovation in distributed and participatory governance. DGOV acknowledges the potential of technology, but puts culture and complex systems thinking first.

  • Proposal making in DAOs: the limitations of “Anyone Proposes Anything”. Grace Rachmany questions the ability of current DAO frameworks to differentiate relatively non-impactful "just go ahead" decisions from those that affect many stakeholders. She uses the opportunity to enumerate a number of collective decision-making mechanisms that can be used for these different types of decisions.

  • I want to live in a DAO. Could we revive the Kibbutz, a traditional Israeli institution of collective communities, using DAOs as a way to tie together a local community with its value flow and governance system?

  • Last Night A Distributed Cooperative Organization Saved My Life: A brief introduction to DisCOs. Stacco Troncoso introduces DisCO, distributed cooperative organizations, a cooperative alternative to DAOs. DisCOs are based on 4 fundamental tenets: Commons/P2P, Open Coops, Open Value Accounting, and Feminist Economics. They combine a cultural and legal approach to a (future) tech stack using distributed computing and public blockchains.

  • Social Networking in 2030: How Could Crypto Change Things?. Chris Dixon of a16z discusses how crypto and blockchains could solve social networks and internet platforms' flaws relating to privacy and inequality of value distribution, by leveraging token network effects, community-controlled governance, and open data marketplaces.

Events

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